The Sustainability of Lithium Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles

electric vehicle

The Sustainability of Lithium Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles

We use vehicles daily to commute from one place to another. Public transport and self-owned vehicles operating in traditional modules of fuel-based I.C. engines emit harmful by-products, inlaying grave predicaments for the environment. Road transport alone contributes to a significant figure of 12% of urban air pollution. Hence, individuals must act more responsibly to ensure a sustainable future. 

Electric vehicles are a viable solution for the issues due to high carbon emissions from fuel-based vehicles. The core of an electric vehicle is the battery it has as the regulatory element. Lithium-ion batteries have become the most empirical solution for regulating electric vehicles. In this blog, we will discuss the evolutionary process of lithium-ion batteries and their contribution to a sustainable future.  

Lithium Ion Batteries-Retrospective

M. Stanley Whittingham, a British chemist, discovered the possibility of a new battery while conducting his research for intercalation compounds. Intercalation compounds are materials that can consistently reciprocate the reversible process of release and absorption of ions. In 1976, Whittingham published a paper regarding a battery with lithium metal as an anode and titanium disulfide as a cathode. Despite being highly unstable in this initial phase, the battery generated a voltage of 2.4V and had high energy density.

John B. Goodenough, an American chemist, extended the work of Whittingham and evolved the same model by adding lithium cobalt oxide as the cathode. It improved the stability and energy density of the battery. 

Further, several changes have been made between 1985, 1991, 1997, 2008, and 2014. These changes shaped the operational paradigm and ensured a safer and more efficient alternative. 

Major Environmental Issues With Traditional Vehicles

The following are the pressing environmental challenges of using traditional vehicles:-

  • Air Pollution: It is a grave concern that can not be ignored and requires the utmost attention. High-frequency use of traditional vehicles such as cars, two-wheelers, three-wheelers, and public transport significantly contributes to carbon emissions and high-degree pollutants. It causes several health issues and restrains the possibility of a sustainable future. 
  • Climate Change: The release of pollutants causes several ill effects on climate, leading to frequent climate changes or imbalances that affect the flora and fauna. It makes things worse for a person by delaying several important changes or accelerating some changes. With the same, it poses a grievous threat to human health and climate. 
  • Resource Depletion: Traditional vehicles run on fuels like petrol and diesel. High-frequency use of these resources has led to their depletion, leading to insufficiency for their uses for industrial purposes. With the same, it poses a grave threat to power production and several industrial processes. 
  • Noise Pollution: Traditional vehicles cause loud noise when they start and operate. Considering the frequency of application, the loud noise of several vehicles collectively contributes greatly to noise pollution. Noise pollution causes general discomfort and leads the way for several neurological disorders and health issues. 

How Lithium-ion Batteries Contribute to a Sustainable Future?

The following are the virtues of lithium-ion batteries that make them the best choice in the interest of a sustainable future:-

  • Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emission: The lithium-ion battery reduces greenhouse gas emissions by removing the fuels from the picture. With the same, there is no chance of facing the issues of air pollution due to traditional vehicles operating using fuels such as petrol and diesel. The consistent inclination of masses to lithium-ion-powered electric vehicles will reduce the greenhouse effect and enable the environment to heal itself. 
  • Use of Renewable Energy: These are designed to store energy using renewable sources like solar and wind energy. Currently, the unavailability of viable mediums for using such energies by the general population poses a challenge. But with the advancement of technology, the lithium-ion battery can be used to the utmost potential. With the same, renewable resources can be used more efficiently for power production. 
  • Energy Efficiency: These batteries offer more energy storage and power per weight, making them a better alternative than traditional fuels and other options available in the market for electric vehicles. 
  • Recyclability: Lithium-ion batteries are recyclable and can be reused once they are repurposed. With the same, the issues due to dumping are reduced, and things are more cost-efficient. 

Conclusion

Electric vehicles are the most potent and viable options for making a pathway for a sustainable future. Lithium-ion batteries have gone through a series of transformations to become the most prolific option for electric vehicles. The unique attributes of lithium-ion batteries make things more efficient and create a way for a sustainable future. If you are searching for a platform to buy electric bike battery 48v, 60v, 72v, etc., Likraft is the best option for you and delivers the best quality product you can have.  

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